Lombardy is the top manufacturing region in Italy and the third largest in Europe by number of employees. It has specific competitive advantages in agri-food, aerospace, life sciences, living environments, smart communities, mobility, green chemistry, energy, environment, construction and smart factories.
The birth-rate of knowledge intensive (KI) startups in Lombardy is 38,6 every 100,000 residents (less than 30 in Germany). Startups in Lombardy boast also a high (5.9%) and medium-high (13.5%) performance of growth, better than those in the Bayern region.
Startups related to Industry 4.0 had a birth-rate of 4 every 100,000 residents in 2017, with 1/3 of them experiencing a mid-high growth performance, the best results in Europe.