What if you want to break the agreement before its expiration?
You can break your tenancy agreement for students contract "for serious issues" before its expiration time by giving written notice to the landlord, at least 3 months before you depart from the apartment. A registered letter (lettera raccomandata) is strongly advisable.
Since the Law states that anticipated interruptions to rent agreement by the tenant are possible justified only by serious issues - without stating precisely the nature of a “serious issue”- it is very common for the landlord to protect himself by adding in the contract a clause specifying that the period of tenancy cannot be interrupted for any kind of issue can happen at any time and -unless the leaving tenant finds another suitable substitute, he/she has to pay the rent until the expiration date.
Two cases can apply:
1) partial cancellation - just one student among the tenants wants to terminate the rent in advance.
The rest of the students living in the apartment should pay also the rent fee of the housemate who’s leaving, so, it is suggested to look for a new housemate as soon as they know it. The substitute person has to accept the already existent tenancy agreement rules and he has to be registered at the Revenue Agency / Agenzia Delle Entrate. In this case, the registration fee should be paid 50% by the leaving student and 50% by the new student.
2) total cancellation - all the students living in the apartment want to terminate the rent before the expiry of the agreement :
They find new students to get replaced, and the landlord will sign and register a new tenancy agreement with them; or, if nobody takes their place, then the students have to pay the full rent until the contract expires.