"The program begins with the Etude-tableaux op. 33 no. 6 by Sergei Rachmaninov (1873-1943), author of Russian nationality, naturalized in the United States. In Rachmaninov, defined by most music critics as the 'last romantic', there is a romantic languor and an unmistakable melody.
It continues with the piano sonata no. 2 op. 35 by Fryderyk Chopin (1810-1849), author of Polish nationality. A great master of romantic music, he is called the 'poet of the piano', whose poetic genius is based on a professional technique unmatched in his generation. Influences on his compositional style include Polish folk music, the classical tradition of Bach, Scarlatti, Mozart, Beethoven and Schubert. His innovations in style, harmony and the association of music with patriotism were influential throughout the romantic period and also later. At the age of twenty, following the Russian repression of the "November Uprising", he left his homeland and moved to Paris. The distance from his family, the situation of his beloved country, precarious health were for him reason of great sadness and melancholy, feelings transfused in the musical compositions that show the two souls of the artist: the limpid, dreamy, melancholic, and the blacker and at times desperate. The four movements that make up opera 35 produced in the years 1837-1839 reflect the latter. The first (serious-double movement), the second (joke), and the fourth movement (soon) were built around the third movement: the funeral march, the fulcrum, the soul of the entire work.
A sort of poem of death. At the end of the execution, both those who play and those who listen find themselves dumbfounded, as oppressed by a sense of dramatic impotence. The same feeling felt before the dead Christ in the sepulcher and three mourners (room VI) that Mantegna has represented in such a ferociously dramatic, so extraordinarily human way. In conclusion, the Transcendental Study n. 10 'Passionate' by Franz Liszt (1811-1886), author of Hungarian nationality. He is considered one of the greatest virtuosos of the nineteenth century, if not of all time. Tireless composer, he paved the way for the symphonic poem, in which music becomes a narrative medium and describes scenic moments. He was very close to Chopin, whom he admired. The piece that I will perform is part of the 12 Transcendental Studies whose main theme is a clear homage to the Studio op. 10 no. 9 by Chopin, in the same key in F minor ".
Sergej Vasil'evič Rachmaninov, Étude-tableaux op. 33 n. 4
Fryderyk Chopin, Sonata n. 2 op. 35
Franz Liszt, Studio trascendentale n. 10