Panettone, the Christmas cake

Taste the traditional dishes of Milano

Thirty centimetres tall and mounted by a dome, Panettone, the typical Milanese sweet has predominated on the table at Christmas from the 15th century because of its softness and elegance. In the past, it was a typical Christmas sweet used exclusively by the Milanese and today it can be found on tables throughout the world. Garnished with raisins or candied fruits, the panettone is today one of the most loved Christmas sweets.


This simple dough is derived from yeast, butter, eggs and flour and it endears itself to the most gluttonous of palates. It is delicious when accompanied by coffee, sweet wine or spumante, custard, chocolate or zabaione.


There are many legends that have reference to its beginnings that attest to the origin of the name as “pan di Toni” (Toni’s bread). It is said that the boy who worked in the kitchen of Ludovico il Moro, invented a sweet bread with butter, candied fruit and leftover dough to correct a dessert that had been burnt on Christmas Eve.

A more credible version is that this “Christmas bread” would be brought to the table at the end of Christmas dinner and was said to be auspicious and healing. Its size led it to be called “pan grande” or “large bread” and finally it became known by its current name “panettone” (also “large bread”).


It is custom to eat panettone on the 3rd of February, on the holiday of Saint Blaise. According to legend, Saint Blaise saved a young man who was choking on a fish bone and hence became the protector of throats.

The recipe

Ingredients for a panettone of 3 kilos or three of one


  • 1.350 g white flour
  • 450 g butter
  • 350 g caster sugar
  • A few spoons of milk
  • 200 g sultanas
  • 250 g baker’s dough
  • 50 g candied orange and citron
  • 12 yolks
  • 3 whole eggs
  • 15 g salt


Cover the bread dough with a floured tea towel and leave it to rest in a warm dry place for about 2 hours. Knead the bread dough working in 150 g of flour with a little lukewarm water to form a soft well-blended dough. Shape into a ball, cover it and allow to rest for 3 hours.


When the 3 hours are up, put 200 g of flour on the rolling board and put the dough which has risen for 3 hours in the centre.
Soften and break up the risen dough with a few spoonfuls of milk and mix it with the flour, kneading well. Knead thoroughly and shape into a ball, to be left as before to rise for 2 hours.


Cut the candied citron and orange peel into small cubes, soften the sultanas in warm water for a quarter of an hour and dry well.
Separately, melt 300 g of butter without letting it fry. In another pot, dissolve the sugar in hot water to make a syrup, add the egg yolks and whole eggs, allow to heat in a double boiler until the mixture is warm.


Pour a kilo of flour onto the rolling board, add a little salt, mix with the flour and make a well.
Take the risen ball of dough and put it in the centre. Prepare a syrup with the sugar and double the quantity of water and allow to cool to lukewarm. Beat the egg yolks with the whole eggs and drizzle the warm syrup into it, mixing well.


Mix in a kilo of flour and the salt, then take the risen dough and work it in well. Work in 300 g of soft butter, cut into cubes.
Knead for a good twenty minutes, mixing in all the ingredients to give a smooth, elastic and firm dough. At the end, add the currants and candied peel.


iven the size of most domestic ovens, the dough may be divided into two or three loaves. Grease your hands with butter and round off the loaves, placing them on a greased sheet of paper and then on a wooden chopping board. Leave them to rise for about 6 hours in a warm, dry, draught-free place.


Put them then into the oven at 200-220°C. After 5 minutes of cooking time, pour the remaining butter over the cross on the top of each panettone, and as the cakes cook, take care to turn down the oven to 180°C so that they do not burn.