Are you planning to sign a tenancy contract? Don't be afraid to ask for these information before signing.
Ask to Read the Apartment Building Regulation
It is good to know in advance if living in a certain building is suitable for you if you have a pet.
For example, it is good to know if pets are allowed in the condominium, or if you are allowed to practice your musical instrument rehearsal.
Check the Cadastral Category of the Property
Which has to state that it is for residential purpose A.
Other purposes (ex. commercial ones) are not right for renting to live in.
Ask for the Certificate of Compliance of the Electrical and Gas Systems
Check the certificate of compliance of the electrical and gas systems, in order to avoid to discover just later any malfunction. If your landlord refuses to let you see the gas security certificate the Law states you can even sue him; the malfunction of the gas system can lead to carbon monoxide intoxication, which can lead to death.
Energy Class Certificate
You must receive a copy of "APE", which is the certificate that states the apartment energy class, so that you can also know more or less how much should you pay for the heating.
In the tenancy agreement must be also stated that you have well received it. It is even more recommended to attach it to the agreement.
The Building Common Expenses Charges
Knowing about the building common expenses charges allows you to better estimate your total renting expenses. As a tenant, you are responsible for paying common expenses, so you’d better ask the landlord the previous invoices to check that they have been paid, or it might be have to pay for them.
Ask to See the Boiler Booklet
Check the boiler booklet to make sure that it undergoes constant checks and it’s up to standards.
Check the Electricity Bill
Ask to have a look at the electricity bill to check the power consumption of the apartment and so better estimate your expenses.
Check the Receipt of Payment of the Garbage Fee
Make sure that garbage fee has been paid by asking the landlord to check the previous year receipt.
From the moment you start renting the flat it will be your responsibility to pay the garbage fee.
Make Sure You Know the Length of Your tenancy Agreement
Make sure that the length of your tenancy agreement is suitable for you: once you signed it, you are responsible to pay for the entire period. Contracts may renew automatically at the end of their period, and there may be deadlines for terminating the rent.
Ask for Any Rent Increase Already Planned
Ask if there is any rent increase already planned.
Check the reliability of websites or online platforms
If you use websites or online platforms to look for a flat, you should carefully check their reliability; you should also examine the reviews of the chosen property carefully to make sure that the site or platform provide sufficient guarantees as to the existence of the flat and the verification of its ownership.
To avoid any fraud, you should then demand to meet and know the owners personally when signing the agreement, asking for their identity document and, if possible, proof of ownership or, at least, of the availability of the property (conveyance deed for the flat in their name, power of attorney of its owner or any other document proving the power to lease the property) and check whether the actual condition of the flat matches that shown on the plans usually present on the site.
Draw up an inventory
Before signing the lease agreement, it is also very advisable for both parties to draw up and sign an analytical inventory, preferably accompanied by photographs, which contains a description of the condition of the premises (e.g. whether painted or not; floor in good state of repair or damaged, marks on the floor or furniture, etc.) and a list of what the landlord has left in the student's flat (kitchen, furniture, furnishings, etc.).
In this way, upon termination of the Agreement, both parties will be able to check whether there has been any damage or loss and whether the property will be returned in the condition in which it was handed over, subject to normal wear and tear.
Check the condition of equipment
It is also advisable for students to check the condition of equipment left in the flat: e.g., that the refrigerator works, that the taps do not leak, that the cooker may be turned on correctly, that the shutters work, etc
Make sure to have a good Wi-Fi connection
It is advisable for students who need an Internet connection to make sure that the flat has a good Wi-Fi connection, the cost of which will be paid for by the student.
Translation of the lease agreement
It is advisable for foreign students to be given a draft of the agreement before signing it and to have it translated into their own language, if it is not possible to have the text correctly translated by the landlord at least into English.